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Agriculture in China IV

DATE:2017-03-01       SOURCE:MOA


5.5 Agricultural Aid to Foreign Countries


China’s agricultural aid projects to other countries have developed fast, by building agricultural technology demonstration centers; sending experts to provide advice and promote technical cooperation; training local technical and managerial staff; actively helping developing countries to improve agricultural production capacity. By the end of 2009, China has completed 221 aid projects to help developing countries’ agriculture, including 35 farms, 11 animal husbandry projects, 47 agricultural experiment and extension stations, 15 fishery projects, 47 irrigation and water conservation engineering projects, 66 other agricultural projects. From 2010 to 2012, China has finished 49 agricultural aid projects, sent overseas more than 1,000 experts, and provided a large number of machinery, quality seeds, fertilizers and other materials.


China is one of the first countries to participate in South-South Cooperation under the framework of the FAO Special Program for Food Security (SPFS), and outnumbers any other countries in terms of overseas field staff. Since 1996, China has signed more than 10 tripartite agreements with the FAO and 24 recipient countries, and has sent more than 900 experts and technicians overseas to help improve local agricultural production and food security.


6. Agricultural Outlook

The major challenges of building all-round well-off society lie in rural areas. The key factors in the development of agriculture and rural areas are adapting to the new normal, continuing to deepen rural reform comprehensively, and promoting synchronized development of new industrialization, IT technology, urbanization and agricultural modernization. China will continue to prioritize food production, adjust agricultural structure, and ensure the quality and safety of agricultural products. China will promote sustainable agricultural development by applying advanced farming technologies, accelerating the transformation of agricultural development mode, strengthening production capacity, and promoting resource preservation and environmental protection. China will also foster new channels to increase farmers’ income rapidly and steadily, optimize the policies that benefit agriculture and farmers, and strengthen the rule of law in the agricultural sector. China will push forward rural reforms with concrete steps to activate agricultural and rural vitality


China’s agricultural development cannot be isolated from the rest of world, and the world agricultural development also needs the all-round participation of China. China will continue to open up its agricultural sector on the basic principle of cooperation, development and win-win. China will stick to the goal of basic self-sufficiency, while expanding the opening up. As always, China will maintain a friendly and cooperative relation with other countries and international organizations.

7. Appendix


7.1 MOA Mandates


MOA is a ministry under the State Council. It undertakes the following mandates:


1. Formulate and implement policies, development strategies, and mid-term and longer term plans for all sectors in agriculture (hereafter referred to as “agriculture”, including crops, livestock, fisheries, mechanization, township and village enterprises, and land reclamation) and rural economic development. MOA also involves in the formulation of agriculture-related financial, taxation, pricing, financial insurance, import and export policies; and sponsors the drafting of laws and regulations that are related to agriculture and rural economy and presses for the rule of law in agricultural administration.


2. Carry out the responsibility of improving rural operation and management system, by putting forward policy recommendations on how to deepen rural economic reform and better the basic operation system and providing instructions on the administration of land contracts, handover of cultivated land use right, and disputes arbitration. It instructs and oversees farmers’ burden relief actions and villagers’ cash and kind contribution management, and guides the management of rural collective assets and budgets. It drafts and sponsors policies, initiatives and action plans on promoting industrialized agriculture; organizes and guides their implementation. It supports the establishment and growth of social service systems, rural economic cooperation organizations, farmers’ cooperatives and product associations.


3. Provide instructions on the production of major produce such as grains; implement policy measures, and sponsor restructuring activities and quality improvement; join efforts with related agencies to guide standardized scale production; give proposals on the size and flow of fixed assets investment and budget expenditure; examine, approve and verify national annual fixed assets investment projects, pursuant to rules of the State Council; develop department budget and organize the implementation; propose agriculture supporting financial policies and make program suggestions, and when they are approved, work with the Ministry of Finance to formulate action plans and supervise their implementation; devise and oversee the operation of agricultural development plans; assist the Ministry of Finance to sponsor the operation of integrated agricultural development projects.


4. Facilitate pre-production, production and post-production integration; develop policies and plans for farming product processing and implement them; put forward policy recommendations on protecting farming industries; guide the restructuring, technical innovation and service network building of the processing industry; propose policy recommendations on major agri-product distribution; analyze trade of major products and file proposals on their import and export; analyze staple agri-product market system and devise its establishment and development plans; create and protect brands.


5. Improve agri-product quality and safety, by conducting quality and safety risk assessment, releasing relevant information; undertaking inspection, making proposals on technical trade measures, formulating agricultural GMO safety evaluation criteria and technical norms. Participate in the establishment of national standards for agri-product quality and safety and sponsor the compliance inspection together with related authorities; guide the development of inspection and testing system in agriculture and evaluate relevant institutions; accredit agri-products meeting safety standards and supervise the agri-product quality and safety inspection. 


6. Sponsor and coordinate the development of farming input market network, by issuing permit and implementing supervision regulations on crop seeds (seedlings), grass seeds, breeding poultry and animals, pesticides, veterinary drugs, feeds, and feed additives according to law. Formulate and publicize national standards for veterinary drug quality, residue limits and testing methods; supervise fishing vessels, fishing machines, fishing nets and tools; devise national standards for farming input and join forces with other authorities to oversee the compliance; supervise veterinary medical appliances and selective fertilizers; give instructions on farming mechanization and safe machine use surveillance.


7. Take on responsibility of crop pest control; draft laws and regulations on plant and animal disease control and quarantine; enter into intergovernmental agreements; join forces with other agencies to develop and implement policies on animal and plant disease control; guide the development of animal and plant disease control and quarantine network; sponsor and oversee pest and disease control and quarantine activities in the country; release information on epidemics and stamp out breakouts; sponsor plant and animal pest inspection; undertake the quarantine and approval work of imported crop seeds (seedlings); manage veterinary business, animal drug control and their inspection; manage licensed vets; oversee compliance to international conventions.


8. Shoulder the responsibility of disaster preparedness and mitigation, by monitoring disasters and publicizing information, sponsoring stockpile and distribution of seeds, pesticides and other relief materials, proposing on the use of relief funds, and instructing on emergency response and production rehabilitation.


9. Manage farming and rural economic information, by monitoring and analyzing farming and rural economic activities, collecting data, releasing information, developing farming and rural information network and guiding information service.


10. Formulate research and extension programs, plans and policies, and join efforts with other agencies to sponsor the building of national farming technology innovation systems as well as industrialized agricultural technology systems; implement the strategy of agricultural invigoration through technology and earmarked research projects according to terms of reference; sponsor farming high-tech and applied technology research, commercialization and extension; manage research findings; introduce foreign advanced technologies; guide extension network reform and growth; protect new crop plant varieties, and supervise GMO safety.


11. Draft and implement agricultural and rural human resources development plans together with other authorities; instruct on agricultural education and vocational skills development; participate in rural practical hand training programs; engage in training migrant workers to seek off-farm employment, and manage qualification and practitioner certificates for rural labors together with competent authorities according to law.


12. Sponsor the zoning up of farm resources; guide the of farmland, fishery, grassland, marsh, wetland and species resources preservation and regulation; protect waterborne wild plants and animals; devise and implement policies on arable land and basic farmland fertility conservation and improvement; manage cultivated land quality in accordance with the law; promote water-saving farming by adopting engineering, agronomic, mechanical and biological measures; address fishery disputes together with related authorities; safeguard national fishing rights and interests in seas and fresh water under China’s jurisdiction; administer offshore fishing; exercise the right of fishing boat inspection, fishery administration and ports supervision on behalf of the country.


13. Design and carry out farming eco-construction plans; guide the development and the use of rural renewable energy; promote biomass industry, energy efficiency and emission reduction in farming and rural areas; control non-point pollution in agriculture; delineate areas banned for agricultural production; guide eco agriculture and recycling farming; preserve eco-system in fishing waters, and take the lead in exotic species control.


14. Engage in intergovernmental affairs in agriculture; participate in agricultural negotiation and the making of trade rules; conduct agricultural trade promotion and international economic and technical collaborations; participate in the formulation of foreign aid policies and plans; assist relevant authorities to implement aid projects; fulfill the obligations to international conventions and agreements.


15. Undertake other responsibilities delegated by the State Council.


7.2 Internal Structure of MOA


l     The General Office (Office of Taiwan Agricultural Affairs)

l     Department of Personnel and Labor

l     Department of Sectoral Policy and Law

l     Department of Rural Economic System and Management

l     Department of Market and Economic Information

l     Department of Development Planning (National Office of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning)

l     Department of Finance

l     Department of International Cooperation

l     Department of Science, Technology and Education (Office of Exotic Species Control)

l     Department of Crop Production (Office of Plant Protection)

l     Bureau of Seed Management

l     Department of Farm Mechanization

l     Department of Animal Production (National Feed Office)

l     Veterinary Bureau (Office of Major Animal Disease Control)

l     Bureau of State Farms and Land Reclamation

l     Bureau of Township Enterprises (Bureau of Produce Processing)

l     Bureau of Fisheries (Bureau of Fisheries Administration of the People’s Republic of China)

l     Bureau of Quality and Safety Supervision for Agro-Products



Contact Us:


Ministry of Agriculture of the People’s Republic of China

AddressNo. 11 Nongzhannanli, Chaoyang District, Beijing

Zip Code100125




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