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National Modern Agriculture Development Plan(2011—2015)II

DATE:2013-04-21       SOURCE:
 

 II. Guiding Ideology, Basic Principles and Development Objectives
  

1.    Guiding Ideology

Following major guiding concepts, including the Deng Xiaoping Theory, “Three Represents”, scientific outlook on development, as well as guiding principles developed in the seventeenth Party Congress and the third, fourth, fifth and sixth plenary session of the seventeenth CPC Central Committee, modern agriculture will make parallel progress with intensive development of industrialization and urbanization. China will stick to the path of agricultural modernization with the Chinese characteristics, in a bid to transform growth patterns of agriculture, secure supply of major farm produce, and facilitate rapid growth of farmers’ income. Priorities will be given to improving comprehensive productivity, risk resilience and market competitiveness, to prop up specialized, standard-based, large-scale and intensive operation in agricultural production. Efforts will be invested to cement foundations for development – policies, technologies, physical equipment, human resources and institutions, to consolidate industrial system of modern agriculture, advance the progress in agricultural modernization, farmers’ livelihood and socialist new countryside, thus making a decisive pillar for all-round prosperous society and modernization course of the country.
  

2.    Basic Principles
 

——Ensure national food security Efforts will be made to attain food self-sufficiency goals with domestic resources, apply the most stringent policies on farmland protection and land conservation, strengthen construction of agricultural infrastructure, enhance comprehensive food productivity, and speed up the process of establishing a food security guarantee system of stable supply, ample reserve, sound regulation and effective operation.

 

——Continue and improve rural fundamental operating system Measures will be taken to innovate systems and mechanisms for agricultural operation in the context of stable and enduring rural land contracting arrangement. It is prohibited to use modern agriculture development as a pretext to force the transfer of land contracting right or use farmland for other purposes, so as to respect the willingness of farmers and protect their interests.


——Develop agriculture with technological advancement and human resources. Efforts will be made to expedite proprietary technological innovation in agriculture and develop human resources for agriculture and rural development, speed up research-into-use and extension activities, improve physical and technical equipment, and transform agricultural development into a model of advanced technology, competitive labor and innovative management.
  

——Farmers make the backbone, with government support and non-public sector involvement. Government will be a facilitator, by formulating more pro-farm policies, to inspire ownership and entrepreneurship among farmers, while guiding and encouraging non-public sector to invest in agriculture. By doing so, all resources will be pooled to drive forth modern agriculture.
  

——Give customized instructions, identify priorities, and make progressive advancement. Customized and differentiated supporting policies will be introduced against optimal distribution pattern of agricultural production, to support the development of competitive production zones of major farm produce. Localities where conditions are enabling will be encouraged to lead agricultural modernization, so that they will inspire accelerated development in other areas, and contribute to overall progress in agricultural modernization.
  

3.    Development Objectives
  

Major progress will be made in modern agriculture as of 2015 – secure supply of major farm produce including cereals, and promote more rational structure in agriculture, more sophisticated physical equipment, greater contribution from science and technology, more optimized operating models, more robust industrial system, and dramatic growth in land yield, labor productivity and resource use efficiency. Coastal regions, suburban areas to metropolitans, and large state farms, where conditions are enabling, will take the lead in achieving agricultural modernization.
  

Breakthroughs are envisaged for 2020 in the development of modern agriculture, rendering a new growth pattern with advanced technologies and equipment, robust industrial system, secure food supply, and tangible benefits. Agricultural modernization will be achieved in advantageous zones for major farm produce.

 

Main indicators of modern agricultural development for the 12th Five-Year Plan period

Categories

Indicators

2010

2015

Annual growth (%)

Supply of agricultural products

Overall grain productivity (100 million tons)Grain cultivation area (100 million mu)

Total cotton output (10,000 tons)

Total output of oil crops (10,000 tons)

Total output of sugar crops (10,000 tons)

Total meat output (10,000 tons)

Total egg output (10,000 tons)

Total milk output (10,000 tons)

Total output of aquatic products (10,000 tons) Overall pass rate in the routine monitoring program on quality and safety of agricultural products (%)

>5.0
16.48
596
3230
12008
7926
2763
3748
5373
94.8

>5.4
>16.0
>700
3500
>14000
8500
2900
5000
>6000
>96

>3.27
1.62
>3.12
1.41
0.97
5.93
>2.23
>[1.2]

Agricultural structure

Share of animal husbandry in total agricultural production value (%)

Share of fisheries in total agricultural production value (%)

Ratio of the production value of agro-processing to total agricultural production value

30


9.3


1.7

36


10


2.2

[6]


[0.7]


[0.5]

Agricultural physical equipment

Newly increased farmland with effective irrigation (10,000 mu)

Effective utilization coefficient of water for farmland irrigation

Total power of farm machinery (100 million kw) Comprehensive mechanization level of ploughing, seedling and harvesting (%)



0.5


9.2


52



0.53

10

60

[4000]

[0.03]

1.68


[8]

Agricultural science and technology

Contribution of the advancement of science and technology (%)

Rural population with practical skills (10,000)

52

820

>55

1300

>[3]

6.8

Organizations of agricultural production and operation

Number of farming households benefiting from organizations of vertically integrated agriculture (100 million)

Proportion of large-scale dairy cattle farming (annual standing population of over 100) (%) Proportion of large-scale live pig farming (annual slaughtered population of over 500) (%)

1.07

 

28

35

1.3

 

>38

50

3.97

 

>[10]

[15]

Agricultural ecological environment

Penetration of appropriate household biogas digesters (%)

Comprehensive utilization rate of straws (%)

33

70.2

>50

>80

>[17]

>[9.8]

Agricultural production value and farmers’ income

Annual growth rate of added value of crop production, forestry, animal farming and fisheries (%)

Agricultural laborers transferred to non-farming sectors (10,000)

Per cap net income of rural residents  (yuan)




 

 

5919




 

 

>8310

5

 

[4000]

>7

Notes:

1. [  ] indicates cumulative number for the five years; 

2. By the end of 2008, there were 8.2 million rural residents with practical skills; 

3. The absolute figure of the per capita net income of rural residents is calculated at the price of 2010, and the growth speed is calculated at comparable price.

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