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GIAHS Pilot Site 11: Xinghua Duotian Agrosystem

DATE:2013-09-09       SOURCE:MOA
 

 

Xinghua Duotian Agrosystem is a typical example of wetland agro-system, known for its indigenous management of low-lying land in water bodies and the splendid landscape created by miles of “duotian” (elevated pieces of field) above water which is rarely seen in the world.

 

Xinghua City of Jiangsu province is built on the bottomlands of the Yangtze River and Huaihe River in eastern China, with low lying lands dotted with ponds and lakes. It is under subtropical humid monsoon climate.

 

Duotian are islets of different size created by ancestors of local people over 1000 years ago to meet their subsistence needs. They were built in swamps by people digging and piling muddy soil together, turning not farmable wetlands into quality fields. Crops grow on these raised plots above water and fish or waterfowl swim in water around them. It is a unique way to use available land and soil resources and it offers local people not only freedom from floods but also sustained livelihood.

 

Now this agro-system still maintains its vigorous landscape though hundreds of years have gone by. The soil is soft, thick, and fertile, suitable for farming all year round, with Longxiang taro, Xinghua chive and oilseed rapes commonly seen. Local people can’t farm without boat, so each family has a boat to row along the waterways to grow vegetables on duotian and raise fish or shrimp in water, an peculiar farming scene indeed. Besides those green or blossoming raised fields in ponds and lakes, the Xinghua Duotian Agro-system has water forests and wetlands. The traditional farming vistas and beautiful sceneries make Xinghua a charming destination for agro-tourism.

 

Xinghua Duotian Agrosystem was designated as GIAHS in 2014.

 

GIAHS in China: Overview

GIAHS Pilot Site 1: Qingtian Rice-Fish Culture, Zhejiang 

GIAHS Pilot Site 2: Hani Rice Terraces in Honghe, Yunnan

GIAHS Pilot Site 3: Wannian Traditional Rice Culture System

GIAHS Pilot Site 4: Dong's Rice Fish Duck System, Guizhou

GIAHS Pilot Site 5: Pu’er Traditional Tea Agrosystem, Yunan

GIAHS Pilot Site 6: Aohan Dryland Farming System, Inner Mongolia

GIAHS Pilot Site 7: Urban Agricultural Heritage of Xuanhua Grape Gardens, Hebei

GIAHS Pilot Site 8: Shaoxing Torreya Grandis cv. Merrillii Community, Zhejiang

GIAHS Pilot Site 9: Jiaxian Traditional Chinese Date Gardens

GIAHS Pilot Site 10: Fuzhou Jasmine and Tea Culture System

 

 

 

 

 

 

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