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GIAHS Pilot Site 2: Hani Rice Terraces in Honghe, Yunnan

DATE:2013-07-18       SOURCE:MOA



With a history of about 1,300 years, the Hani Rice Terraces are located in the Honghe River basin at the middle and distal part of Mountain Ai Lao. The majority population is of ethnic groups, mainly Hani and Yi. The terraces are renowned both at home and abroad for the wide distribution, large scale and spectacular landscape, with high historical and cultural, economic, scientific and aesthetic values.


Hani Rice Terraces are the wonder of ecological agriculture created by the Hani-based Honghe population of all ethnic groups after the devotion of dozens of generations and reclamation for over 1300 years. More than a magnificent farming landscape, it is the world's model and valuable heritage of agricultural civilization. In face of the rare drought in 2010, Hani Rice Terraces remained sound and secured the irrigation water supply and agricultural production, which fully demonstrated its magic spell.


In the remarkable Hani Rice Terraces known as the "miracle of the world”, the subtle valley stands vivid in the sparkling terraces. Colorful terraces, forest, villages, clouds and rivers illustrate each other and create exceptionally marvelous atmosphere, such as glow, sunset, and crisp water. By virtue of amazing cultural landscape, rich cultural and ecological landscape and biodiversity, intricate farming techniques and scientific and rational ecosystem structure, Hani Rice Terraces, secures food livelihood in the southwest mountainous areas with sharp human-land contradictions and represents the culmination of ecological culture after the extensive adaptation to the nature. More commendably, the technological system centering on water resources management offers valuable experience and implications for the current and future society and generations to address climate change and ease the crisis of water, soil and forest resources.



Hani Rice Terraces were enlisted in the GIAHS in 2010. It was included on the Tentative Lists of World Cultural Heritage in 2006 and 2012 and announced as the National Wetland Park in 2007.


GIAHS in China: Overview

GIAHS Pilot Site 1: Qingtian Rice-Fish Culture, Zhejiang 

GIAHS Pilot Site 3: Wannian Traditional Rice Culture System

GIAHS Pilot Site 4: Dong's Rice Fish Duck System, Guizhou

GIAHS Pilot Site 5: Pu’er Traditional Tea Agrosystem, Yunan

GIAHS Pilot Site 6: Aohan Dryland Farming System, Inner Mongolia

GIAHS Pilot Site 7: Urban Agricultural Heritage of Xuanhua Grape Gardens, Hebei

GIAHS Pilot Site 8: Shaoxing Torreya Grandis cv. Merrillii Community, Zhejiang

GIAHS Pilot Site 9: Jiaxian Traditional Chinese Date Gardens

GIAHS Pilot Site 10: Fuzhou Jasmine and Tea Culture System

GIAHS Pilot Site 11: Xinghua Duotian Agrosystem




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