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GIAHS Pilot Site 4: Dong's Rice Fish Duck System, Guizhou

DATE:2013-07-20       SOURCE:MOA


Congjiang County is a mountainous area located in Qiandongnan Miao and Dong Autonomous Prefecture, Guizhou Province, China. The ethnic groups living here are Miao, Dong, Yao, Zhuang, Shui, Yao and so on. The Dong people, a branch of the Baiyue people, had long lived on the southeastern coast and then migrated and settled down in the border regions of Hunan, Guizhou and Guangxi. Although far away from rivers and oceans, the rice and fish dominated diet tradition remains.


The age-old Rice Fish Duck system is a typical and traditional way of eco-farming; while Dong is the only ethnicity group that has not gave up this farming approach and technology. In the paddy field with secured water, locals grow fry according to the soil fertility and water supply. This Rice Fish Duck system facilitates multi-purpose utilization of the same plot, meeting farmers’ nutritional demands for adequate animal and vegetable protein. Compared with the monoculture rice fields, the Rice Fish Duck system has more levels of nutrition, longer food chain, and more complex food web. With food chain extended and complicated, resources could be used at multiple nutritional levels and the system becomes more stable.


Dong's Rice Fish Duck System was recognized as a GIAHS site in 2011.




GIAHS in China: Overview

GIAHS Pilot Site 1: Qingtian Rice-Fish Culture, Zhejiang

GIAHS Pilot Site 2: Hani Rice Terraces in Honghe, Yunnan

GIAHS Pilot Site 3: Wannian Traditional Rice Culture System

GIAHS Pilot Site 5: Pu’er Traditional Tea Agrosystem, Yunan

GIAHS Pilot Site 6: Aohan Dryland Farming System, Inner Mongolia

GIAHS Pilot Site 7: Urban Agricultural Heritage of Xuanhua Grape Gardens, Hebei

GIAHS Pilot Site 8: Shaoxing Torreya Grandis cv. Merrillii Community, Zhejiang

GIAHS Pilot Site 9: Jiaxian Traditional Chinese Date Gardens

GIAHS Pilot Site 10: Fuzhou Jasmine and Tea Culture System

GIAHS Pilot Site 11: Xinghua Duotian Agrosystem

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