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GIAHS Pilot Site 5: Pu’er Traditional Tea Agrosystem, Yunan

DATE:2013-07-21       SOURCE:MOA
 

 

Pu’er City is located in the southwest border of China, and covers a total area of 45,000 square km with a forest coverage of 64.9%. It is the largest prefecture-level city in Yunnan populated with 13 ethnic groups including Hani, Yi, Lahu, Wa, etc. Home to two national and four provincial natural reserves, Pu’er City is one of the areas with the richest biodiversity in China.

 

Pu'er City preserves the complete process of vertical evolution of ancient magnolias and tea trees, which proves the city is one of the origins of the world tea trees. It renders a development system of tea tree use, covering wild ancient tea tree, transitional and cultivated ancient tea gardens, and ecological tea gardens under traditional forest tea garden management. The diverse agricultural species growing in Pu'er City enriches agricultural biodiversity and associated biodiversity. Tea cultivation methods and traditional cultural system of such ethnic groups as Blang, Dai and Hani demonstrate sound cultural diversity and heritage. Pu'er City is the outset of the tea-horse road and the hub of tea culture communication. Pu’er traditional tea agrosystem is a valid evidence of China as the origin of tea and the birthplace of tea tree domestication and large-scale cultivation. It also creates an important reserve of germ plasm for the future development of the tea industry and preserves rich national tea culture suitable to local ecological environment. Today, with 1.4 million mu of modern tea plantations in Pu'er City, the tea industry driven by science and technology and featured by intensive operation has realized integrated development of agriculture, industry and commerce and vertical integration of production, supply and sales. It has become the leading industry in developing commodity economy and improving living standards of farmers.

 

Pu’er Traditional Tea Agrosystem was recognized as a GIAHS site in 2012.

 

 

GIAHS in China: Overview

GIAHS Pilot Site 1: Qingtian Rice-Fish Culture, Zhejiang

GIAHS Pilot Site 2: Hani Rice Terraces in Honghe, Yunnan

GIAHS Pilot Site 3: Wannian Traditional Rice Culture System

GIAHS Pilot Site 4: Dong's Rice Fish Duck System, Guizhou

GIAHS Pilot Site 6: Aohan Dryland Farming System, Inner Mongolia

GIAHS Pilot Site 7: Urban Agricultural Heritage of Xuanhua Grape Gardens, Hebei

GIAHS Pilot Site 8: Shaoxing Torreya Grandis cv. Merrillii Community, Zhejiang

GIAHS Pilot Site 9: Jiaxian Traditional Chinese Date Gardens

GIAHS Pilot Site 10: Fuzhou Jasmine and Tea Culture System

GIAHS Pilot Site 11: Xinghua Duotian Agrosystem

  
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