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GIAHS Pilot Site 7: Urban Agricultural Heritage of Xuanhua Grape Gardens, Hebei

DATE:2013-07-23       SOURCE:MOA
 

 

Xuanhua District is located at 115°2E and 40°31N, elevated from 610 m to 629.3 m. With a total area of 264 km2

and a population of almost 420,000, it is a transitional area from Mongolia Plateau and Northern China Plain. Xuanhua milk grape has a history of over 1300 years. In the Tang Dynasty (618-907 A.D.), Xuanhua grape was mostly grown by temples. In the Liao (905-1125 A.D.) and Jin Dynasties (1115-1234 A.D.), Xuanhua grape began to be grown by wealthy families. Grape seeds were found in Zhang Shiqing’s tomb of Liao Dynasty excavated in 1993.

 

Xuanhua is of temperate continental climate, with four distinct seasons, short frost-free period, concentrated sunshine time and a large difference in temperature between day and night. The soil with PH value of 8-8.5 is abundant in Ca and K; and the high-quality underground water facilitates the conversion of glucose. All of those natural conditions have contributed to the unique flavor of Xuanhua grape. Most uniquely, Xuanhua grape mostly grows under funnel-shaped grape trellis at the backyards, highlighting its cultural connotation of the hemispherical dome.

 

Urban Agricultural Heritage of Xuanhua Grape Gardens was recognized as a GIAHS site in 2013, which is also the first urban agricultural heritage.

 

 
 

GIAHS in China: Overview

GIAHS Pilot Site 1: Qingtian Rice-Fish Culture, Zhejiang 

GIAHS Pilot Site 2: Hani Rice Terraces in Honghe, Yunnan

GIAHS Pilot Site 3: Wannian Traditional Rice Culture System

GIAHS Pilot Site 4: Dong's Rice Fish Duck System, Guizhou

GIAHS Pilot Site 5: Pu’er Traditional Tea Agrosystem, Yunan

GIAHS Pilot Site 6: Aohan Dryland Farming System, Inner Mongolia

GIAHS Pilot Site 8: Shaoxing Torreya Grandis cv. Merrillii Community, Zhejiang

GIAHS Pilot Site 9: Jiaxian Traditional Chinese Date Gardens

GIAHS Pilot Site 10: Fuzhou Jasmine and Tea Culture System

GIAHS Pilot Site 11: Xinghua Duotian Agrosystem

  
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