The Current Position:Home>>Environmental Protection
 

Regulations on Conversion of Farmland to Forests

DATE:2009-06-22       SOURCE:
 

(Adopted at the 66th Executive Meeting of the State Council on December 6, 2002, promulgated by Decree No. 367 of the State Council of the People's Republic of China on December 14, 2002, and effective as of January 20, 2003)

Chapter I General Provisions
Article 1 These Regulations are formulated for the purposes of standardizing conversion of farmland to forests, protecting the lawful rights and interests of those who convert their farmland to forests, consolidating the achievements made in conversion of farmland to forests, optimizing the structure of rural industries and improving the ecologic environment.
Article 2 These Regulations are applicable to conversion of farmland to forests covered by the planning approved by the State Council.
Article 3 The people's governments at all levels shall strictly implement the policies and measures of "converting farmland to forests, closing mountains for greening, providing grain as relief and making contracts with individuals."
Article 4 Top priority shall be put on ecology in conversion of farmland to forests. Conversion of farmland to forests shall be combined with the restructuring of rural industries, development of rural economy, control of soil and water erosion, conservation and development of capital farmland, increase of per unit area yield, enhancement of rural energy development and eco-driven immigration.
Article 5 The following principles shall be abided by in conversion of farmland to forests:
(1) overall planning, phased implementation and due attention to emphasis and actual effect;
(2) integration of policy guidance and willingness of farmers to convert farmland to forests, and a policy of "those who convert, plant and manage receive the benefit";
(3) following the natural law and adjusting measures to local conditions, planting trees or grass on right sites, and managing in a comprehensive manner;
(4) putting equal emphasis on new conversion and protection of converted land with an aim of preventing possible damage that happens in the progress of conversion;
(5) gradually improving the living conditions of those who convert their farmland to forests.
Article 6 The institution of western development of the State Council is responsible for the overall coordination in conversion of farmland to forests, organizes relevant sectors for the study and formulation of policies and methods related to conversion of farmland to forests, and organizes and coordinates implementation of the overall planning of conversion of farmland to forests; the competent forestry administrative department of the State Council is responsible for compilation of the overall planning and the annual plan for conversion of farmland to forests, superintends the nationwide implementation of conversion of farmland to forests, and is responsible for guidance, supervision and inspection of conversion of farmland to forests; the development planning department of the State Council, jointly with other departments concerned, is responsible for examination of the overall planning for conversion of farmland to forests, collection of plans, compilation and aggregate balancing of the annual capital construction plan; the competent finance administrative department of the State Council is responsible for arrangement, supervision and management of subsidies provided by the Central Government for conversion of farmland to forests; the competent agriculture administrative department of the State Council is responsible for compilation of the related planning and plans of conversion of reclaimed grassland to grass and rehabilitation and development of natural grassland, and provides technical guidance and conducts inspection therefor; the competent water resources administrative department of the State Council is responsible for technical guidance and inspection of watershed management and soil and water conservation in the areas being converted to forests and grassland; the grain administrative department of the State Council is responsible for the coordination and redistribution of grain resources.
The administrative departments for forestry, development planning, finance, agriculture, water resources and grain of the local people's governments at or above the county level are, in accordance with these Regulations and their respective duties, responsible for the work related to conversion of farmland to forests under the unified leadership of the people's government at the same level.
Article 7 The State applies the system under which the people's governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government shall assume the responsibility for conversion of farmland to forests. The people's governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government shall designate relevant departments to take measures to ensure that the subsidies granted by the Central Government for conversion of farmland to forests are exclusively used for the set purposes, organize redistribution and provision of grain subsidy, strengthen reexamination of conversion of farmland to forests, fulfill the tasks in conversion of farmland to forests assigned by the State on schedule, and set up objective and responsibility and sign responsibility agreement level by level to achieve the objective of conversion of farmland to forests.

 

Related Accessories:

Fold